My Libya Then & Now

My Libya, she who is rooted in north Africa where there has been an indigenous Jewish presence since 300 B.C.E.Will offer it’s History.

Libya is Cradle in the center of North Africa where some Jews lived since Ptolemy I

while others found freedom from slavery or persecutions

Between wars and peace lived with so many civilizations such as the

PHOENICIAN, BERBER, GREEK, ROMAN, BYZANTINE, SPAIN, OTTOMAN, ITALIAN, FRENCH, BRITISH, AMERICAN and ARAB

finally to be an extinct Jewish Community on Libyan soil.

1967 a year of change and the final ethnic cleansing

CIRENE, Libya west was founded by Dorian Greeks, its agriculture prospered and economically grew because of the perfect climate, helping created 3 crops of silphium a plant to crete spices and medicines.

Cyrene was ruledmany kings, but inchoose to submit to Alexander the Great rather then fight and be destroyed, after his death it became part of general Ptomeny I of North Africa kingdom

A large part of Cyrenes population , were Greek-speaking Jews invited to settle by Ptolemy

During Vespasian times theJ ews revolted, when in Titus his son

destroyed the temple in Jerusalem,and all Jews there where expelled or slaughterd by the Romans

Titus and his destruction

70 (9 Av 3830) JERUSALEM (Eretz Israel) Fell to Titus after 4 years of fighting. The Temple was destroyed. According to Josephus, some 1,100,000 Jews perished during the revolt and another captive 97,000 were taken.

Some Slaves where ransomed by Libyan Jews into freedom

Thus Judeans are, part our people!

96 bce Rome took Cyrene

78 BCE Cyrebe became a province of Rome

Jewish revolt in caused widespread destruction.

The city of Cyrene thrived under Roman rule until factions within the city rebelled during the Jewish revolt of 115 AD. The heavy-handed Roman General Marcus Turbo suppressed the rebellion by killing over 20,000 civilians and destroying much of the city, which never fully recovered.

of the Greeks, asserted in his history that two sons of Abraham had joined Heracles in his expedition in Africa and that the Greek hero had married the daughter of one of them. On the other hand, Jason of Cyrene (c. 100 bce) wrote a history, of which 2 Maccabees is a summary, glorifying the Temple and violently attacking the Jewish Hellenizers, but his manner of writing history is...

ancient Greek colony in Libya, founded c. by a group of emigrants from the island of Thera in the Aegean. Their leader, Battus, became the first king, founding the dynasty of the Battiads, whose members, named alternately Battus and Arcesilaus, ruled Cyrene for eight generations ( Under their rule, the city prospered economically and expanded, establishing its port of Apollonia (Marsa Sūsah) and the towns of Barce (al-Marj) and Euhesperides, or Berenice

After a further influx of Greek colonists c. 570 bc, Greek–Libyan relations broke down; the new constitution granted under Battus III failed to allay dissension among the rival domestic factions, and c. 525 Cyrene was subjected to a short-lived Persian invasion. The republic that followed was politically undistinguished. Then, under the aegis of Ptolemaic Egypt (from 323 bc), Cyrene became one of the great intellectual centres of the classical world, boasting a medical school and such scholars as the geographer Eratosthenes and the philosopher Aristippus, founder of the Cyrenaics. In 96 bc Cyrenaica came under Roman rule and in 67 bc was united with Crete to form a senatorial province, with Cyrene as local capital. The two centuries of relative prosperity under the Romans—broken by a revolt of the Cyrenian Jews (ad 115)—were followed by steady decline. With the Arab conquest (ad 642), the city ceased to exist. The site of ancient Cyrene is partly occupied by the modern village of Shaḥḥāt in al-Jabal al-Akhḍar, eight miles southwest of Marsa Sūsah. Three main areas of the city have been excavated: the fountain and sanctuary of Apollo, where the Venus of Cyrene and a colossal statue of Apollo were found; the upper city,...Cyrene (Greek mythology) in Greek mythology, a nymph, daughter of Hypseus (king of the Lapiths) and Chlidanope (a Naiad). One day Cyrene wrestled a lion that had attacked her father’s flocks. Apollo, who was watching, fell in love with her and carried her off from Mount Pelion, in Thessaly, to Libya. There he founded the city of Cyrene and made her its queen. The story is told by the 5th-century-bc lyric poet Pindar (Pythian Ode 9). Cyrene was the mother by Apollo of Aristaeus and Idmon the seer and by Ares of Diomedes of Thrace.Battus I (king of Cyrene) * founding of Battiad dynasty Cyrene ancient Greek colony in Libya, founded c. 631 bc by a group of emigrants from the island of Thera in the Aegean. Their leader, Battus, became the first king, founding the dynasty of the Battiads, whose members, named alternately Battus and Arcesilaus, ruled Cyrene for eight generations (until c. 440 bc). Under their rule, the city prospered economically and expanded,...* Greek colonization of North Africa North Africa ...to Cyrene being founded (c. 630) on a site within easy reach of the sea, well watered, and in the fertile foothills of the Akhḍar Mountains. The founder’s name was, or was changed to, Battus, a Libyan word meaning king. For some time friendly relations existed with the local peoples, and there was more intermarriage between Greek men and non-Greek women than was usual in Greek... Magas (king of Cyrene) * Asoka India ...and contemporaries and to whom he sent envoys—these were Antiochus II Theos of Syria, the grandson of Seleucus I; Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt; Antigonus II Gonatas of Macedonia; Magas of Cyrene; and Alexander (of either Epirus or Corinth). This reference has become the bedrock of Mauryan chronology. Local tradition asserts that he had contacts with Khotan and Nepal. Close...* Ptolemy II Philadelphus Ptolemy II Philadelphus ...good the setback suffered during the Chremonidean War. He further improved his position by arranging for the marriage of his son (and later successor) Ptolemy III Euergetes to the daughter of King Magas of Cyrene, who had proved so far a very troublesome neighbour. Not aiming at outright hegemony (even less imperialistic conquest) in the Hellenistic world of the eastern Mediterranean, Ptolemy... (Banghāzī).